A “left hook,” where an oncoming motorist turns left in front of a bicyclist, is explicitly prohibited by Illinois law. Section 11-902 of the Illinois Rules of the Road requires a motorist making a left-hand turn to yield to oncoming traffic. A left turn may only be made when it is safe to do so. Simple logic dictates that anytime a collision occurs as a result of the “left hook,” that was not a safe time for the motorist to make a turn.
A “right hook,” is when a vehicle makes a right hand turn in front of a bicyclist causing a collision. The Municipal Code of Chicago states: “A vehicle shall not turn to the right in front of the bicyclist until such vehicle has overtaken and is safely clear of the bicycle.”